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Role: Documentation
Content type: text/markdown
Description: instructions
Class: PHP Code Preprocessor
Preprocess code or text like in the C language
Author: By
Last change: added FOR statement description
FOR operator description
FOR operator description added
added instructions for operator FOR
Date: 3 years ago
Size: 7,237 bytes


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Source code preprocessor

This class contains preprocessing engine for generating program or html (or whatelse) modules from prepared "source" files, containing macros like "#IF" / "#ELSE" / "#ELSEIF" / "#ENDIF", "#SWITCH" / "#CASE" and "#INCLUDE"

Main idea

Idea comes from well known languages like C, C++ where preprocessing used widely. Say you have a source file:

// here my code begins
#IF use_authorization
$auth = new Auth();
// ... other code for auth needs

And depending on your current demands, you want to generate PHP source with or without authorization block. So you turn ON or OFF "use_authorization" parameter and start preprocessing that creates desired code.

After creating and "tuning" source template files, you will be able to rapidly create collections of source files, html blocks for your projects, plugins inside them etc, to use them as starting point for further development.


$myvars = array( // your parameters for preprocessing
  'challenge' => TRUE
  ,'is_strong' => 1
  ,'fictive' => 0
  ,'innervar' => 1
  ,'sw_lang' => 'en'

$preproc = new CodePreprocessor();
$preproc -> setLF('unix') -> setSourceFolder('/usr/mysources/');

echo "Preprocessed text:\r\n-----------------------------------------\r\n";
echo ($preproc -> parse('src_example.txt', $myvars));

Supported macros

Preprocessing is a process of finding "macros" in the beginning of source line, and executing respective logic.

Each macros starts with '#' char. Macros are case insensitive, but following var names (if applicable) are NOT ! Second (and next, if supported) operand should be a parameter name. Expressions NOT supported.

#IF var_name[,var_name2...] - starts IF block (following lines until first #ENDIF|#ELSE|#ELSEIF will be handled / outputted to the result code if 'var_name' value in passed vars array is not empty / zero. It is possible to use more than one var name (comma or space delimited). #IF fires TRUE if any one of them is not empty.

#ELSEIF var_name or #ELIF var_name - starts ELSEIF block (following lines will do if none of previous IF/ELSEIF cases resolved to TRUE and value in this line is true / non-empty. As usual, there may be many ELSEIF's after starting IF macro. Like in IF, more than one var name can be used (comma or space delimited).

#ELSE - starts ELSE block (following lines will be added to result if none of previous IF/ELSEIF resolved to TRUE).

#ENDIF - finalizing IF block.

#SWITCH var_name - starts SWITCH / CASE / DEFAULT / ENDSWITCH block. var_name is a key for value in passed var array, that will be checked against all "CASE nnnn" values. Unlike "standard" SWITCH in C, PHP and other languages, there is no "BREAK" command here: next "CASE" macro line stops handling lines from previous CASE[s], so each "CASE" is like "ELSEIF" in IF block - when it ends, code generating stops until #ENDCASE.

#CASE value[,value2,...] - starts CASE blok inside SWITCH. Block is handled if following "value" matches "var_name"-keyed value in parameter array. Like in IF or ELSEIF, it's possible to have CASE with multiple values to be checked (comma or space delimited) - such a CASE will trigger if any of values matches to SWITCH var.

#DEFAULT - starts final DEFAULT block - this block is handled if none of previous cases worked.

#ENDSWITCH - finalizes SWITCH block.

#INCLUDE file_name starts precompiling another source file. Result will be added to output.

#FOR var_name FROM value1 TO value2 [STEP value3] - starts FOR loop. var_name is a name of "internal" loop variable, "value1" is a beginning value, value2 - final loop value, optional value3 is a step between iterations (default 1). Start and End values should be numeric values, and in case of positive step value2 must be greater than value1 (and lesser in otherwise case),

Second supported FOR operator form:

#FOR var_name IN value1,value2,... - in this form loop you pass a list of all values for loop variable (var_name), delimited by comma or space char. Inside loop you can use %var_name% macro to be substituted with current variable value

Spaces and commas treated as item delimiters. If you need them in your string values, just use single or double quotes:

$codeline = "#FOR LOOPVAR1 IN STRG1, STRG2, "Two Words, and another one"
$tokens = $preproc -> parseToTokens($codeline);

Method list

setLF($style) : sets "new line" char to "windows" or unix style. By default, when creating instance, "new line" chars accomodates to current operating system. But you can overwrite it by calling setLF('windows') or setLF('unix'), setting style to CRLF or LF respectively. Method returns CodePreprocessor instance, so you can make call chains:

$preproc -> setLF('unix') -> setSourceFolder($myfolder);

setSourceFolder($folder) - sets folder where source files will be searched. After calling $preproc->setSourceFolder('/usr/me/mysources/'), all parse() calls will try to open "source" files in this folder. Method returns CodePreprocessor instance, so you can make call chains:

$preproc -> setLF('unix') -> setSourceFolder($myfolder)->parse($my_params);

parse($src, $vars=array(), $subst=FALSE) - main method that performs preprocessing of source file or multi-line string passed in first parameter, If $src is existing file name, that file will be read as a source code, otherwise $src itself will be used. $vars must be an associative array 'key' => 'value', holding all needed parameters for preprocessing. If some var names in IF, CASE operators not found in $vars, FALSE value used.

Optional third parameter $subst can activate "variable substitution" in source lines.

Say, somewhere in the template source code you have a %some_var% string, to be substituted by something useful during code generation.

You can pass separated associative array as a third parameter to parse(), or just set it TRUE, and all substitute pairs will be constructed from the main $vars array.

Preprocessor suggests each variable in template to be prefixed and postfixed by '%' char, to avoid unwanted replaces. But you can change that prefix and postfix by function setSubstWrappers() :

$subst_vars = array('some_var' => 'Text to insert');
$preproc -> setSubstWrapper('{{', '}}') -> parse($myfile, $vars, $subst_vars);

After that all found "{{some_var}}" strings in your source code will be replaced.

parse() returns a string that can be written to a final generated file (with file_put_contents() for example) or used in further processing.


Unlimited depth of macros nesting supported (SWITCH inside IF/ELSEIF/ELSE inside IF, FOR/ENDFOR etc)

Working sample demonstrating code preprocessing is in "tests" folder : tests/preproc.php


Distributed under BSD (v3) License :

For more information send a message to info at phpclasses dot org.